Women Just as Resilient as Men During Intense Physical Activity
Node Smith, ND
Women who completed a trans-antarctic expedition, entailing vigorous physical training in preparation as well as extreme physical conditions during the expedition, showed no more negative health effects than expected in men. The study was presented at the Society for Endocrinology annual meeting in Glasgow. The study is the first to show that women are no more susceptible to adverse effects of extreme physical exertion than men.
False belief that female reproductive system and stress responses more sensitive to effects of extreme physical activity
In the past it has been suggested that the female reproductive system and stress responses may be more sensitive to the effects of extreme physical activity. There has been evidence that vigorous physical exertion can suppress normal reproductive hormone activity in women, impair bone strength and increase stress hormones to a greater extent than in men. However, the reasons why there may be differences in these responses are not understood.
First all-female trans-antarctic expedition
Six women participating in the first all-female trans-antarctic expedition were assessed for the effects of extreme physical exertion on hormone levels and overall health. The study looked at several markers of health before and after the successful expedition. Markers included stress hormones, reproductive hormones, and metabolic hormones, as well as body weight and bone strength. The findings showed that not only were the reproductive hormones and bone strength maintained at healthy levels, but that many of the markers revealed delayed exercise-related benefit 2 weeks after the expedition.
Overall conclusion of the study
The overall conclusion of the study was that with proper training and preparation, the negative effects of vigorous physical exercise can be avoided, by both men and women. The study may help illuminate the need for proper training and maintenance for individuals who are employed in physically demanding jobs, as well as professional and semi-pro athletes.
- Gifford RM, Boos CJ, Reynolds RM, Woods DR. Recovery time and heart rate variability following extreme endurance exercise in healthy women. Physiol Rep. 2018;6(21):e13905.
Node Smith, ND, is a naturopathic physician in Portland, OR and associate editor for NDNR. He has been instrumental in maintaining a firm connection to the philosophy and heritage of naturopathic medicine among the next generation of docs. He helped found the first multi-generational experiential retreat, which brings elders, alumni, and students together for a weekend camp-out where naturopathic medicine and medical philosophy are experienced in nature. Four years ago he helped found the non-profit, Association for Naturopathic ReVitalization (ANR), for which he serves as the board chairman. ANR has a mission to inspire health practitioners to embody the naturopathic principles through experiential education. Node also has a firm belief that the next era of naturopathic medicine will see a resurgence of in-patient facilities which use fasting, earthing, hydrotherapy and homeopathy to bring people back from chronic diseases of modern living; he is involved in numerous conversations and projects to bring about this vision.