Sleep More, Study Less, Perform Better on Exams
Node Smith, ND
A recent study underlines the importance of a good night’s sleep for mental performance. In fact, for students, a night of sleep may be better than using that time for studying, for a final exam for instance. This is what was found when students at Baylor University were given extra points if they met the “8-hour Challenge” – sleeping eight hours a night for 5 nights during finals week.
The “8-hour Challenge”
Students who took the challenge seriously and did in fact sleep an average of eight hours a night during finals week performed better on their final exams than those who ignored the incentive. The extra points were not figured into the final exam performance.
“Better sleep helped rather than harmed final exam performance, which is contrary to most college students’ perceptions that they have to sacrifice either studying or sleeping. And you don’t have to be an ‘A’ student or have detailed education on sleep for this to work,” said Michael Scullin, Ph.D., director of Baylor’s Sleep Neuroscience and Cognition Laboratory and assistant professor of psychology and neuroscience in Baylor’s College of Arts & Sciences.
Extra points received as part of the study were not included during the analysis of student performance
The researchers stressed that the extra points received as part of the study were not included during the analysis of student performance.
The intention of the study
The intention of the study was to remove the excuse that “I need to sacrifice sleep or studying to succeed, because there aren’t enough hours in the day.” Most students think this way, especially when final exams come around. And by giving a few extra points for merely sleeping, the research team got a glimpse of the difference between a rested and unrested student brain.
The student participants included both undergraduate interior design students as well as students in upper-level psychology and neuroscience classes. Students who participated in the study wore wristband sleep monitors for the five days of finals week.
“The students didn’t need the extra credit to perform better, and they weren’t really better students from the get-go,” Scullin said. “If you statistically correct for whether a student was an A, B, C, or D student before their final exam, sleeping 8 hours was associated with a four-point grade boost — even prior to applying extra credit.”
Trying to Change Sleep Habits of Students
In many professions, sleep deprivation is seen as a rite of passage during the academic process, this includes design professions, but also many others such as legal, medical and academic professions. There is a sense of romance that is perceived by burning the candle at both ends, or from pulling “all-nighters” and catching up on sleep during the weekends. The problem is that its not only not sustainable, but also affects cognitive functions such as awareness and focus.
Research may help create incentives for students to prioritize sleep while going through stressful academic programs
The researchers at Baylor hope that their research may help create incentives for students to prioritize sleep while going through stressful academic programs.
Which students were included in the study?
The study included a group of 34 students in two undergraduate psychology courses, and 27 students in an interior design class, who could earn extra credit if they averaged 8 hours of sleep during finals week. A total of 17 of the psychology students met the goal of 8 hours of sleep. On the final exam students who slept more than 8 hours performed better than those who slept less.
These students found it most difficult to adhere to 8 hours of sleep
Interestingly, of the 27 students enrolled from the interior design course, very few were able to meet the 8 hours of sleep, or even 7 hours. However, students attempting to sleep more did sleep an average of 98 minutes more per night, compared to students who were being monitored but not attempting to get the incentive.
The reason for the disparity between the two groups
The reason for the disparity between the two groups may be due to the larger number of finals projects rather than exams that the interior design students were expected to finish. The commentary from the researchers was that within the interior design profession, and other creative professions, that the idea of “getting inspiration in the wee hours” may be a factor in a lack of sleep. This idea is often compounded by a romanticized view of the “tortured artist,” and is something that the researchers are hoping to change with this, and similar studies.
Node Smith, ND, is a naturopathic physician in Portland, OR and associate editor for NDNR. He has been instrumental in maintaining a firm connection to the philosophy and heritage of naturopathic medicine among the next generation of docs. He helped found the first multi-generational experiential retreat, which brings elders, alumni, and students together for a weekend camp-out where naturopathic medicine and medical philosophy are experienced in nature. Four years ago he helped found the non-profit, Association for Naturopathic ReVitalization (ANR), for which he serves as the board chairman. ANR has a mission to inspire health practitioners to embody the naturopathic principles through experiential education. Node also has a firm belief that the next era of naturopathic medicine will see a resurgence of in-patient facilities which use fasting, earthing, hydrotherapy and homeopathy to bring people back from chronic diseases of modern living; he is involved in numerous conversations and projects to bring about this vision.